大学英语四级模拟题15及答案


Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes) ?
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre。
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage: ?
Every year 100 million holiday?makers are drawn to the Mediterranean.
With one?third of the world's tourist trade, it is the most popular of all the
holiday destinations; it is also the most polluted.
It has only 1 per cent of the world's sea surface, but carries more than half the oil and tar floating on the waters. Thousands of factories pour their poison into the Mediterranean, and almost every city, town and
village on the coast sends its sewage, untreated, into the sea.
The result is that the Mediterranean, which nurtured so many civilizations, is gravely ill?the first of the seas to fall victim to the abilities and attitudes that evolved around it. And the pollution does not merely keep back life of the sea?it threatens the people who inhabit and visit its shores.
? The mournful form of disease is caused by sewage. Eighty?five per cent
of the waste from the Mediterranean's 120 coastal cities is pushed out in
to the waters where their people and visitors bathe and fish. What is more, most cities just drop it in straight off the beach; rare indeed are the places
like Cannes and Tel Aviv which pipe it even half a mile offshore.
Not surprisingly, vast areas of the shallows are awash with bacteria and it
doesn't take long for these to reach people. Professor William Brumfitt of
the Royal Free Hospital once calculated that anyone who goes for a swim in the Mediterranean has a one in seven chance of getting some sort of disease. Other scientists say this is an overestimate; but almost all of them agree that bathers are at risk.
Industry adds its own poisons. Factories cluster round the coastline, and
even the most modern rarely has proper waste?treatment plant. They do as much
damage to the sea as sewage.
?
But the good news is that the countries of the Mediterranean
have been coming together to work out how to save their common sea.
?
  21. The causes of the Mediterranean's pollution is .
?A) the oil and tar floating on the water
?B) many factories put their poison into the sea
?C) untreated sewage from the factories and coastal cities
?D) there are some sorts of diseases in the sea
?
  22. Which of following consequence of a polluted sea is not true according to the passage?
?A) Bring up so many civilizations.
?B) Various diseases in the sea.
?C) It threatens the inhabitants and travelers.
?D) One in seven chance of getting some sort of disease swimming in the sea.
?
  23. The word “sewage”refer to .
?A) poison ?
C) liquid material
?B) waste ?
D) solid material
?
  24. Why does industry do much damage to the sea?
?A) Because most factories have proper waste?treatment plants.
?B) Because many factories have not proper waste?treatment plants
even the most modern one.
?C) Because just the modern factory has a waste treatment plant.
?D) Because neither ordinary factories nor most modern ones have p
roper waste?treatment plants.
?
  25. What is the passage mainly about?
?A) Save the world.
?B) How the people live in the Mediterranean sea.
?C) How the industry dangers the sea.
?D) Beware the dirty sea.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
?
THE CLASSROOM is a man's world, where boys get two?thirds of the teachers'
attention ? even when they are in a minority? taunt (辱骂) the girls without
punishment, and receive praise for sloppy work that would not be tolerated from
girls. They are accustomed to being teachers' pets, and if girls get anything like equal treatment, they will protest eagerly and even wreck lessons.
?
These claims are made in a book out this week, written by Dale Spender, a
lecturer at the London University Institute of Education. She argues that disc
rimination against girls is so deeply in co?educational schools that single sex classes are the only answer.
?
Her case is based on tape?recordings of her own and other teachers' lessons. Many of them, like Spender, had deliberately set out to give girls a fair chance. “Sometimes,” says Spender, “I have even thought I have gone too far and
have spent more time with the girls than the boys.”
?
The tapes proved otherwise. In 10 taped lessons (in secondary school
and college), Spender never gave the girls more than 42 per cent of her attention (the average was 38 percent) and never gave the boys less than 58 percent. There were similar results for other teachers, both male and female.
?
In other words, when teachers give girls more than a third of their time,
they feel that they are cheating the boys of their rightful share. And so
do the boys themselves. “She always asks the girls all the questions,” said
one boy in a classroom where 34 per cent of the teachers' time was allocate
d to girls. “She doesn't like boys, and just listens to the girls.” said a boy
in another class, where his sex got 63 per cent of teacher attention.
?
Boys regarded two?thirds of the teacher's time as a fair deal ? and when
they got less they caused trouble in class and even complained to higher authority. “It's important to keep their attention,” said one teacher, “Otherwise,
they play you up something awful.”
?
Spender concludes that, in mixed classes, if the girls are as boisterous and pushy as the boys, they are considered “unladylike”, if they are docile
and quiet, they are ignored.
?
  26. If boys are better treated in class, would be better.
?A) single?sex classes and co?educational classes
?B) co?educational classes
?C) single?sex classes
?D) None of the above
?
  27. Dale Spender obtained the evidence for her claims by
.
?A) her own lessons in secondary school and college
?B) the other teachers' tape?recordings
?C) both male and female teachers
?D) tape?recordings of her own and other teachers' lessons
?
  28. What are the boy's reactions when girls are given more
attention?
?A) They will keep the teachers' attention again.
?B) They will make some trouble and complain to the headmaster.
?C) They will play up the teacher something awful.
?D) They will feel they are cheated by teachers.
?
  29. The word “boisterous” in the last paragraph probably means .
?A) rough B) brave ?
C)troublesome D) emotional
?
  30. The best title for this passage would be .
?A) boys are teachers' pets
?B) boys do better in co?educational classes
?C) single?sex classes are better than co?eduationed classes
?D) girls do better than boys
?
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
? Gestures aren't the only area in which the unwary traveler can get tripped
up. Foreign cultures adhere to different business customs and behavior.
For example:
?
Caffeine junkies should restrain themselves in the Middle East.“Three cups of tea or coffee is usually the polite limit in offices and during social
calls,” counsels “Travel Pak, ” a free publication of Alia, the Royal Jordanian Airline. “But if your host keeps going, you also may continue sipping. If you've had your fill, give your empty cup a quick twist ? a sort of wiggle?as you hand it back. That means “No more, thank you.”
?
Middle East visitors also should not be surprised “if others barge right into the office in the middle of your conversation with the person you are seeing,” notes “Travel Pak.” An old Arab custom calls for keeping an “open
office.”
?
The British, however, consider it impolite to interrupt a visitor, even after all business has been transacted. The commercial caller is expected to be sensitive to this point, know when to stop, and initiate his or her own departure.
?
In Japan certain guests at evening business gatherings will leave early. They should be allowed to leave without effusive good?byes. The Japanese consider formal departures to be disruptive in such cases and disturbing to remaining guests.
?
In Scandinavia and Finland business guests may be asked to shed their clothes and join their hosts in a sauna. The invitation is a sign that a good
working relationship has been established.
?
In the Arab world, the word “no” must be mentioned three times before it is accepted. In contrast, it is considered good business manners to make many and long efforts to pick up the check.
In the People's Republic of China, gift giving is considered an insult, says Patrick J. Lewis, President of Club Universe, a Los Angeles tour operator. “If you want to give someone a gift, make sure it's modest in value.
This will not be considered offensive, but it may be declined, ” The Chinese manner of expressing friendship and welcome is to clap. Lewis adds. “You
may be greeted with clapping when entering a factory, hospital, commune, or school.
Politeness dictates that you respond with applause, even though it may seem like you're clapping for yourself.”
?
  31. In the Middle East, it is considered .
?A) impolite to drink at least 3 cups of coffee
?B) impolite to drink more than 3 cups of coffee unless your host drinks more
?C) polite to ask the host to give you as more as he can
?D) polite to leave a party as early as you want
?
  32. In Japan, the guest at an evening party will .
?A) leave early without saying good?bye
?B) stay as long as he can
?C) stay to have a swimming with the host
?D) present their business cards immediately
?
  33. In Finland, business guests may .
?A) take flowers to the host
?B) send an expensive gift to the host
?C) have a swimming or sauna with the host
?D) present a business card
?
  34. In China, a gift to the host means .
?A) attemption to praise the host
?B) a modest manner
?
C) a respondence of applause
?D) offended action to the host's dignity
?
  35. Which of the following statement is NOT true according to the passage?
?A) Uninvited visitors are welcome in Middle Eastern office.
?B) In Britain, business visitors can stay as long as they like.
? C) In China, people may greet a foreigner's entering a school with clapping.
?D) In the Arab world, saying “No” for 3 times until it is accepted.
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
?
W hat is the importance of the Afro?American history to all Americans? How
could Afro?Americans contribute anything to American history when they were
just slaves and servants? This is the image which many of us are taught when
we go to school. This is the image many Afro?Americans have of themselves also.
The Afro?Americans need to remake their real historical image so that it is
known and accepted in its truthfulness by themselves and the rest of the world. Men and women of darker color are human beings entitled to respect and
acceptance in history.
?
When we think of famous scientists and inventors we immediately th
ink of men such as Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison and Jonas E.Salk. This
is because we associate famous people with the Anglo?Saxon race. But what
about the Afro?American inventors and scientists? How many men during World War Ⅰ owe their lives to Garrett Morgan who invented the gas mask? Garrett Morgan also invented the traffic light which saves numerous lives on our streets. Daniel Hale Williams was the first successful heart surgeon. Charles Drew saved hundreds of thousands of lives during World War II by his discovery
of the ways and means of preserving blood plasma. Percy Julian has helped millions suffering from the excruciating pain of arthritis. These men and others should be as easily recognized as Bell, Edison and Salk.
?
America is made up of many different blends of cultures. These many cultures have come to enrich and diversify the American way of life. We should
not think, because history has neglected to include the background of a particular culture, that these people have an inferior history. We should search for the truth and set the record straight against the slanders, the stereotyping and false images which have identified these people. We should understand each of the cultures and learn of their specific contribution to America's life story.
?
Only after we are taught the complete and accurate history of our great country and learn that the blending of cultures and backgrounds gives us ourstrength, can we go forward on the path to peace.
?
  36. The function of the first paragraph is to .
?A) present the main idea or the summary of the essay
?B) present an introduction to the topic
?C) provide background to the main theme
?D) present many cultures have contributed to American history
?
  37. Which of the following statements is true?
?A) Graham Bell, T.Edison and J.E.Salk are not very important people.
?B) Black people who
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